California is now on the hot seat after many Californians took issue with last night's outcome, prompting the #Calexit movement.
After Donald Trump was elected as the 45th president of the United States, many Californians voiced their disapproval calling for California to secede from the U.S.
In 1961, McDonald County, Missouri existed momentarily and became McDonald Territory after attempting to secede from the State of Missouri. Also more recently, a proposed State of Jefferson involving northern California cities wanted to do the same from California.
So, secession movements are not an unheard-of action in the U.S., but for California as an entire state is it realistic or possible?
David A. Carrillo, who's the Executive Director of the California Constitution Center at the University of California, Berkeley Law, discussed if there's legal basis for this to be accomplished.
"There is no legal basis for a state to secede from the union." Carrillo said. "The U.S. Constitution (A4s3) has a procedure for adding new states or subdividing existing states--both require Congress to consent. But there is no procedure, at all, in the U.S. constitution for a state to secede."
In Texas v. White in 1869, the Supreme Court of the United States ruled that states cannot secede.
California's own Constitution (A3s1) states that, "The State of California is an inseparable part of the United States of America, and the United States Constitution is the supreme law of the land."
Carrillo also discussed the probability and previous outcomes from other states.
"It's extremely unlikely California could secede, legally or otherwise." he said. "A group of states tried that once. It ended very badly for them."
According to Deborah Hoffman, Deputy Press Secretary of the office of Governor Jerry Brown, she doubts they will be commenting on this topic at this moment in time, which is expected because it's something that was never fully successful in the past.
With that being said, there are movements in motion like the independence campaign on YesCalifornia.org, petitioning for California to exit the union.
"You will have this historic opportunity because the Yes California Independence Campaign will qualify a citizen’s initiative for the 2018 ballot that if passed would call for a special election for Californians to vote for or against the independence of California from the United States," according to the campaign's website.
The public outcry of seceding is not a shock with California and a few other West Coast states voting blue for Hillary Clinton. So, despite the facts, expect the discussion to continue especially via social media:
I no longer will refer to myself as an American, I am a Californian. #calexit
— white u.s. citizen (@herbivorre) November 9, 2016
California must begin protecting itself now. We cannot live under a Trump Supreme Court #secede #california
— califunia (@GravityisRising) November 9, 2016
#California can #secede right? It can afford it.
— Fallenboyscout (@fallenboyscout) November 9, 2016
Can California secede from the United States of America? #electionday #Elections2016 #california #Secede #brexit
— Trevor King (@trevortheking) November 9, 2016
Seriously, California is the 6th largest economy in the world. We pay all of the bills. It's time to cut off the Midwest. #secede
— Michelle Disbrow (@projectcreator) November 9, 2016
USA Today contributed to this story.