The center spent the last year analyzing data provided by the Sacramento Police Department covering vehicle stops, pedestrian stops, and uses of force that occurred from 2014-2019.
The law enforcement agency requested CPE analyze the data to identify any patterns in policing throughout the city.
Five years of data revealed a similar pattern of racial disparity and policing with the department. For example, the report says Blacks experienced "non-traffic stops" over five times more than whites per year on average. For Latino people, it was 1.3 times more.
Once stopped, the report says blacks were nearly 60% more likely to be searched than whites. Betty Williams, President of the Greater Sacramento NAACP, says she is not at all surprised.
"We didn't necessarily need a research person to do it. We could have told them and they could have saved some money," Williams said.
The report also says when it comes to simple "traffic stops," Blacks were searched 2.7 times as often as white people. Latino people were 87% more likely to be searched than whites.
UC Berkeley Criminal Justice Law Professor Franklin Zimring, who wrote a book on racial disparities and police killings, isn't surprised by the findings either. He says it's a typical police department strategy attempting to be "proactive."
"And that potential offenders know that they are being observed by people capable of making arrests is an essential part of urban law enforcement," Zimring said.
While use of force numbers decreased 27% from 2014-2019, the report says Blacks were subjected to force 4.5 times as often as whites. Latino use of force numbers was about the same rate as whites.
What's the makeup of the Sacramento Police force? Nearly 70% white, 12% Latino, and 5% Black.
When asked if a more diverse force would make a difference in racial disparities when it comes to traffic stops and use of force, Zimring said "very little," believing it simply comes down to a department's policies and procedures no matter who is wearing a badge.
However, Williams says more diversity on the force would make a big difference.
"I also think they need to use more community involvement and get them more involved with the issues because not everything is a police issue and you can't arrest the issues away," Williams said.
"I just know there are people suffering because there are these disparities in our community even larger than law enforcement. In a city that I was born and raised in, I don't like to see people suffering just solely because of where they were born. Or who they were born to or what neighborhoods they live in," Sacramento Police Chief Daniel Hahn said.
Sacrament Police said it has made several improvements in recent years, including forming a policy review committee and revising its "use of force" policy to emphasize "de-escalation" as a core principle. Still, Hahn says more needs to be done.
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